Sustained economic growth that was achieved during the past several years and the just completed GTP I and the ambitious GTP Il launched this year suggest that the nation’seconomy is poised for uninterrupted growth over the years and even decades to come.Growth in construction and manufacturing sectors is driving demand for electricity at an annual rate of about 20%. All of these mean that Ethiopia needs to expand its electricity production capacity several fold to fuel its growing economy as well as expand rural population’s access to electricity. The plan also realised that export sales of energy could provide an attractive long-term development opportunity.
With an estimated population of over 90 million in 2015, Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa. Forecasts of population growth predict a doubling of the population before the year 2035. Ethiopian Electric Power (EEP) currently provides electricity to an estimated 2.13 million customers in Ethiopia. This represents only about
32% of the population who has access to electricity. Therefore, the country has one of the lowest levels of annual energy consumption per capital in the world. Much of the remaining population survives in conditions of relative poverty and energy insecurity. They use firewood for cooking and heating thereby exploiting an ever-diminishing resource and contributing to soil erosion, soil degradation and habitat destruction. Under GTP II, EEP
plans to increase electricity coverage from the existing 32% to 61% and the number of customers from 2.5 million to 7 million.
If the quality of life of this population is to be improved and to maintain the growth and transformation plan, then a considerable amount of new electricity generating capacity must be constructed. To provide the necessary long-term security, most of that capacity should ideally be constructed inside Ethiopia and fuelled from indigenous sources. With an estimated 45,000 MW of hydropower potential, it has been recognized for decades as
the most valuable energy resource in Ethiopia.Given the above background, EEP is currently focusing on developing the country’s hydropower potential in medium to large-scale schemes. Therefore, Koysha hydroelectric project has been selected by EEP as one of its key hydropower scheme to be developed in the GTP II to provide generation capacity to meet domestic demand and increase exports of electricity.
An environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) has been undertaken to assess and report the environmental and social impacts associated with the proposed Koysha Hydropower Project. The ESIA has examined the beneficial and adverse impacts of the project on the physical, biological and socio-economic environment. Where potential
adverse impacts have been identified, the ESIA has examined the extent to which these impacts would be avoided, mitigated through the adoption of good practice working methods. This Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) therefore describes the environmental and social management measures to be adopted and implemented to
satisfy the ESIA commitments associated with the Project.
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